Historical Greek Sounds

 

Letters, Column        

FROM CLASSICAL TO BIBLICAL TO NEOHELLENIC GREEK

Bringing to the earnest learner of Greek, whether at the beginning, advanced, or professional level, the authentic sounds of Greek.

The Purpose of this Site is to enable you to access works that:

  1. Show the development of the historical Greek sounds from Classical Greek to the present (Vol. I);
  2. Examine the phonological features Koine and Neohellenic share with due emphasis also on other linguistic similarities that come into focus (Vol. I);
  3. Create an awareness of the generally unknown ramifications of the artificial pronunciations of Greek used in centers of higher learning outside of Greece (Vol. I); and
  4. Provide appropriate learning tools for reading, pronouncing, and comprehending Greek (Vol. II & Vol. III).

Added benefit: As a user of any of these books, you are entitled to ongoing individual Q & A sessions with the author via e-mail on matters related to the Greek language or the Greek NT text.


CONTACT: NTGreek@att.net


ATTIC EPIGRAPHS SPEAK (EXCERPT, Vol. I)

415-BC-300x215   Attic-Decree-300x159


VOX GRAECA. The choice of a Latin title for a book on the pronunciation of Classical Greek might as well be viewed as a precursor to certain puzzling claims the author, W. Sidney Allen, makes about Greek phonology. Below are three excerpts from Vol. I.

ON SIDNEY ALLEN’S TREATMENT OF ATTIC ΦΘΧ, ΠΤΚ

ON SIDNEY ALLEN’S TREATMENT OF ATTIC ASPIRATE H[h]

ON SIDNEY ALLEN’S TREATMENT OF THE ATTIC VOCALIC SYSTEM


 

HGPHere are THREE BOOKS ( Vol. I, Vol. II, Vol. III ) and FOUR VIDEOS designed for the learner of Greek and the professional who wishes to explore the  HISTORICAL GREEK PRONUNCIATION (HGP):


READING AND PRONOUNCING BIBLICAL GREEK (Vol. I) (EXCERPT)

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Recommended for students and professionals of Classical or Biblical Greek, this book focuses on the historical evidence of Classical Attic sounds, the development of ‘Koine’, and the similarities of the latter to Neohellenic. It also explains why, despite that evidence, the pronunciation applied to ‘Koine’ in institutions of higher learning is artificial and highlights the effects that practice has had on Greek scholarship. A bonus chapter compares the Greek and English phonologies, while the appendices analyze the writing and sounds of sample Attic decrees from the 5th and 4th centuries BC.  VIDEO 1 is based on Vol. I.

To order Vol. I through AMAZON click  HERE

To order Vol. I through PAYPAL, forward $27 to NTGreek@att.netFREE SHIPMENT within the continental US.

Outside of USA buyers, please add $14 (per book) for partial cost of shipment.  8.5” x 11” spiral-bound, 8 chapters, 165 pages.

“I am glad that you have written this book and I congratulate you. I am sure it is needed in America. I think, therefore, that your book ought to find a market and quite a few readers should profit from its fine presentation with excellent examples illustrating the discussion. This should prove an indispensable textbook for seminaries and colleges teaching NT Greek.” — Dr. Chrys C. Caragounis, professor of New Testament exegesis at Lund University, Sweden (author of The Development of Greek and the New Testament: Morphology, Syntax, Phonology, and Textual Transmission). (Click on the title above for more endorsements.)


ORTHOGRAPHY AND PHONETICS WORKBOOK (Vol. II) (EXCERPT)

Vol. IIThis Workbook serves as a reading, writing, listening, and pronouncing guide to Biblical Greek as well as Neohellenic. It may be used as supplementary material in a college course, homeschool setting, or self-directed study. It includes written exercises, tests, answer keys, and audiovisual drills and reading passages that are also on the CD. The exercises and sound files will prove helpful to those accustomed to other (non-Greek) methods of pronouncing Greek. VIDEO 2 is based on Vol. II.

To order Vol. II through AMAZON click HERE 

To order Vol. II through PAYPAL, forward $24 to NTGreek@att.net. FREE SHIPMENT within the continental US.

Outside of USA buyers, please add $13 (per book) for partial cost of shipment.  8.5” x 11” spiral-bound, 7 chapters, 79 pages. CD 16 files, 1.05 hrs.

“Dr. Zachariou’s … acoustically pleasing audio files make this book a valuable learning aid both to the beginning Greek student and to the established scholar who would like to switch from Erasmian pronunciation to an accurate Historical Greek Pronunciation.” —Dr. George Gunn, Shasta Bible College and Graduate School, Redding, California

“Your book is helpful and has good exercises. I am very impressed with your very clear and crisp recordings. I really appreciate them.” —Dr. Taylor Williams, Professor of Greek and Hebrew, Texas


BIBLICAL GREEK – GRAMMAR ESSENTIALS (Vol. III) (EXCERPT)

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Grammar Essentials will benefit the mid-beginning and intermediate student of Greek as well as the advanced seminarian and can be used as a resource by the professional. An all-in-one grammar book, pronunciation guide, and workbook featuring transliterated exercises, grammatical aspect, and translational insights, Grammar Essentials is a select collection of lessons I have shared with learners of Greek over many years. A companion CD goes with select reading exercises.

To order Vol. III through AMAZON click HERE

To order Vol. III through PAYPALforward $29 to NTGreek@att.netFREE SHIPMENT within the continental US.

Outside of USA buyers, please add $15.00 (per book) for partial cost of shipment. 8.5″ x 11” spiral-bound, 15 chapters, 250 pages. CD 16 files, 28 minutes.


Vol. I & II (tilted)

Special offer…

Order Vol. I and Vol. II as a bundle for $38 (save over 25%). FREE SHIPMENT.

Forward amount to NTGreek@att.net through PAYPAL.

Offer within the continental US only.

 


VIDEO 1 (Revised) Development of the historical Greek sounds (20:46 min.)

GREEK PRONUNCIATION (Historical Development - Revised) This video is a revised (and shorter) version of the one shown below

VIDEO 1 Development of the historical Greek sounds (28:36 min.)

mqdefault-1-300x168This video has the best explanation of spurious diphthongs and why we don’t pronounce iota subscript that I have ever seen. It also does a great job with the historical pronunciation of the rough breather. Then there is the helpful connection between similar types of vowels. … I think this video is very helpful.” —Dr. John Schwandt, Director, Institute of Biblical Greek

“Immense gratitude to you … for the marvelously comprehensive and engaging presentation on  Greek pronunciation, enhanced by the valuable historic introduction. And excellent photography, typography, technology! I learned SO much from it and shall pass it on to our students.” —Dr. Edith Pennoyer Livermore, Loyola University, Chicago


VIDEO 2  Alphabet, Sounds, Listening, Reading, Pronunciation (24:05 min.)

mqdefault-300x168“You have produced a very useful tool for introductory students. It is very clear, detailed, but not too long. Thanks.” —Dr. Bradley McLean, University of Toronto, Canada

“[T]his is a very useful video – indeed this is one I can pass on to students. I particularly liked the fact that you read out a passage at the end. All in all, a very useful resource.” —Dr. Chris Tilling, St. Mellitus College, England

“I watched [this video] several times to make sure I had it down.  I did not like the textbook way of pronouncing, so this was a blessing! I feel like I can read Greek quickly and naturally!” —Alexander Strickland


VIDEO 3  1 John — A Reading and Pronunciation Exercise using the entire First Epistle of John (35:04 min.)

The reading in this video is intentionally slow in the beginning, then progressively approximates conversational speed, all along allowing the reader to practice repeating the parts being read.

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VIDEO 4  A very short video offering pronunciation tips (1:46 min.)

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JESUS SPOKE GREEK Also

This link takes you to the historical, linguistic, and scriptural evidence that addresses the question:

” If we had evidence that Jesus himself spoke and taught in Greek, wouldn’t every Bible student wish to learn to utter Greek words the way Jesus would have uttered them? If, on the other hand, Jesus used only Aramaic, why bother placing so much emphasis on the way Greek ought to be pronounced in the first place? 


A Captivating Bibliography

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An eBook by the same author

The PROSELYTIZER (2011) — From Asia Minor to Crete, Greece. This book is the record of a man’s deeds, thoughts, and motives as he captured them with his pen first, as a refugee teenager, then as a worldly young man, later as a growing Christian, and finally as a minister of the gospel. This gripping account portrays an energetic young man in quest for meaning in life but who, in utter despair, turns suicidal. Miraculously spared from the “claws of Death,” he seeks God and becomes inwardly transformed. Eager to reach his fellow citizens with the message of Christ, he learns unconditional obedience to God as he witnesses divine intervention during business failures, poverty, war, captivity in a German concentration camp, mass execution, hardship, persecution by religious leaders and the authorities, false accusations of proselytizing with gifts and money, and repeated imprisonment for sharing the gospel. A legacy of faithful Christian service, this true story will touch you, encourage you, and uplift you. Foreword by Everett Stenhouse and Glen D. Cole.

Buyer’s review: “…This story begins with tragedy and yet is incredibly inspirational from start to finish. I will treasure this book … as one of the best books I have ever read. This book clearly shows the Holy Spirit’s powerful work in an ordinary man’s life by making his life extraordinary.” —Michael Isham

iPad, iPod touch, iPhone – iTunes click HERE.  Kindle, Mac, PC, etc. –AMAZON click HERE.

For a hard copy through PAYPAL, please forward $10 to NTGreek@att.net  (FREE SHIPMENT within the continental US.) 20 chapters, 290 pages.

Book excerpts:

CHAPTER 1  CHAPTER 2  CHAPTER 3  CHAPTER 4  CHAPTER 5  CHAPTER 10

Contact the author at: NTGreek@att.net


PhilemonAbout the author

Philemon “Phil” Zachariou graduated from high school in Greece and from a Bible school in England, and holds a B.A. and M.A. in applied linguistics and a Ph.D. in religious education. Retired, he writes and teaches Greek and English. During most of his career as an educator and public school administrator he taught, among other college subjects, Greek at California State University, the Golden Gate Baptist Theological Seminary, Adult Education, and Capital Bible College. He currently teaches at Northwest University.